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Sociology Research


Dr Hazem Kandil is a Reader in Political Sociology at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of St Catharine’s College. He studies power relations in revolution and war, focusing on the Middle East, Western Europe, and North America. Following an MA (2004) in International Relations from the American University in Cairo, and an MA (2005) in Political Theory from New York University, he received his PhD (2012) in Political Sociology from the University of California, Los Angeles. He is the author of Soldiers, Spies, and Statesmen: Egypt’s Road to Revolt (Verso 2012), Inside the Brotherhood (Polity 2014), and The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change (Oxford University Press 2016). He has published articles on revolution, warfare, and ideology in various academic journals and periodicals. Kandil received the 2014 Philip Leverhulme Prize and a 2016 ProFutura Scientia Fellowship, which fund his current projects on the development of the US war doctrine, and the relationship between conscription and democracy in France and Egypt.

Research Interests

Topics of study: revolution; war; militarism; state institutions; ideology.

Theoretical interests: realism; state theory; revolution theory; military sociology; sociology of intellectuals; classical and contemporary social theory.

Method: comparative historical; institutionalism; ethnography.

Regional focus: Middle East; Western Europe; North America.



SOC1: Introduction to Sociology - Modern Societies I

SOC8: Religion and Contentious Mobilization

MPhil Module in Sociology: Foundations of Political and Economic Sociology

Current Doctoral students:

Andrea Brody-Barre

Mohamed El-Gendy

Arwa Ibrahim

Naim Bro Khomasi

Maha Shash

Key Publications - Books

Kandil, H. The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change (Oxford University Press 2016). 

Kandil, H. Inside the Brotherhood (Polity 2014; paperback 2016). 

Kandil, H. Soldiers, Spies, and Statesmen: Egypt’s Road to Revolt (Verso 2012; updated paperback 2013). 

Key Publications - Book Chapters

Kandil, H. ‘Back on Horse? The Military between Two Revolutions’, in Bahgat Korany and Rabab el-Mahdi (eds.), Arab Spring in Egypt: Revolution and Beyond. New York: American University in Cairo Press, 2012: 73-97. 

Kandil, H. ‘On the Margins of Defeat: A Sociology of Arab Intellectuals under Authoritarianism’, in Bahgat Korany (ed.), The Changing Middle East: A New Look At Regional Dynamics. New York: American University in Cairo Press, 2010: 85-118. 

Kandil, H. ‘Syrian Foreign Policy and the Challenge of Restructuring’, in Bahgat Korany and Ali al-Din Hilal (eds.), The Foreign Policy of Arab States: The Challenges of Globalization (3rd edition). Cairo: American University of Cairo Press, 2008: 421-456.

Key Publications - Journal Articles

Kandil, H. ‘Why did the Middle Class march to Tahrir Square?’ Mediterranean Politics, Vol. 17, 2012: 197-215. 

Kandil, H. ‘Islamizing Egypt: Testing the Limits of Gramscian Counterhegemonic Strategies’, Theory and Society, Vol. 40, 2011: 37-62. 

Kandil, H. ‘Resisting Resistance: Examining the Shifting Balance of Threats in the Middle East’, European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 15, 2010: 717-737. 

Grants and Projects

Kandil, H. The Philip Leverhulme Prize (2015-2018 for £100,000) 

Kandil, H. Cambridge Humanities Research Grants Scheme (2013-2014 for £12,000).

The Military Origins of Freedom and Oppression (2017-2020)- Awarded to Dr Hazem Kandil- Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study- Pro Futura Fellowship. £198,797


Job Title:
Reader in Political Sociology, Fellow of St Catharine's College
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