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Sociology Research


Hazem Kandil is the Cambridge University Professor of Historical and Political Sociology and Fellow of St Catharine’s College. He studies power relations in war, revolution, and culture, focusing on America, Europe, and the Middle East. He holds a PhD in Sociology from UCLA, and MA degrees in Political Theory and International Relations. His publications include Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change (Oxford University Press 2016), Inside the Brotherhood (Polity 2014), and Soldiers, Spies, and Statesmen (Verso 2012). Kandil received the Philip Leverhulme Prize (2014) and a ProFutura Scientia Fellowship (2016). His current book project examines US military campaigns from 1960 to the present.

Research Interests

Topics of study: revolution; war; militarism; state institutions; ideology.

Theoretical interests: realism; state theory; revolution theory; military sociology; sociology of intellectuals; classical and contemporary social theory.

Method: comparative historical; institutionalism; ethnography.

Regional focus: Middle East; Western Europe; North America.



SOC1: Introduction to Sociology - Modern Societies I

SOC8: War and Revolution

MPhil Module in Sociology: Foundations of Political and Economic Sociology

Current Doctoral students:

Andrea Brody-Barre

Mohamed El-Gendy

Arwa Ibrahim

Naim Bro Khomasi

Maha Shash

Key Publications - Books

Kandil, H. The Power Triangle: Military, Security, and Politics in Regime Change (Oxford University Press 2016). 

Kandil, H. Inside the Brotherhood (Polity 2014; paperback 2016). 

Kandil, H. Soldiers, Spies, and Statesmen: Egypt’s Road to Revolt (Verso 2012; updated paperback 2013). 

Key Publications - Book Chapters

Kandil, H. ‘Back on Horse? The Military between Two Revolutions’, in Bahgat Korany and Rabab el-Mahdi (eds.), Arab Spring in Egypt: Revolution and Beyond. New York: American University in Cairo Press, 2012: 73-97. 

Kandil, H. ‘On the Margins of Defeat: A Sociology of Arab Intellectuals under Authoritarianism’, in Bahgat Korany (ed.), The Changing Middle East: A New Look At Regional Dynamics. New York: American University in Cairo Press, 2010: 85-118. 

Kandil, H. ‘Syrian Foreign Policy and the Challenge of Restructuring’, in Bahgat Korany and Ali al-Din Hilal (eds.), The Foreign Policy of Arab States: The Challenges of Globalization (3rd edition). Cairo: American University of Cairo Press, 2008: 421-456.

Key Publications - Journal Articles

Kandil, H. ‘Why did the Middle Class march to Tahrir Square?’ Mediterranean Politics, Vol. 17, 2012: 197-215. 

Kandil, H. ‘Islamizing Egypt: Testing the Limits of Gramscian Counterhegemonic Strategies’, Theory and Society, Vol. 40, 2011: 37-62. 

Kandil, H. ‘Resisting Resistance: Examining the Shifting Balance of Threats in the Middle East’, European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 15, 2010: 717-737. 

Grants and Projects

Kandil, H. The Philip Leverhulme Prize (2015-2018 for £100,000) 

Kandil, H. Cambridge Humanities Research Grants Scheme (2013-2014): £12,000

Kandil, H. (PI) The Military Origins of Freedom and Oppression. Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study Pro Futura Fellowship (2017-2020): £198,797


Job Title:
Professor of Historical and Political Sociology , Fellow of St Catharine's College
Dr Hazem Kandil
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